Month: January 2016

Five facts about Medway secure training centre

Ahead of tonight’s screening of BBC Panorama’s ‘Teenage prison abuse exposed’, here’s five facts about Medway secure training centre.

1) It was the first of four secure training centres to open, in April 1998. Originally designed for 12 to 14 year-olds who persistently offend, the upper age increased to 17 with the passing of the Crime and Disorder Act 1998. The building of jails for young children attracted strident criticism from the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child, the large children’s charities and penal reform groups. The Howard League for Penal Reform threatened legal action, because of the inherent risks to the safety and well-being of children. At least three-quarters of those first admitted to secure training centres had previously lived in children’s homes.

2) The last inspection of Medway was undertaken by Ofsted, Her Majesty’s Inspectorate of Prisons and the Care Quality Commission in September 2014. It was judged good with outstanding features. Inspectors commended “extremely positive” relationships between children and staff. However, it was noted that, since Medway had introduced the new Minimising and Managing Physical Restraint (MMPR) system, the number of restraint incidents per month had doubled. There was one incident captured on CCTV footage which inspectors said showed inappropriate behaviour by a member of staff towards a child. This had not been picked up by G4S managers. The Director “acted swiftly when it was brought to his attention”, the report notes. At the time of the last inspection, 45% of children living at Medway had previously been in care; 25% said they were disabled (they needed help with long-term physical, mental or learning needs); 25% were aged under 16; and one in five had felt unsafe at some time at Medway.

3) G4S has held the contract to run Medway since 1998. In 1999, inspectors described its early months as “turbulent”, with staff lacking the skills, qualifications and experience to work with vulnerable and volatile children in this penal environment. A team of 12 staff, drafted in from other establishments to help, was dubbed the ‘restraint squad’. Inspectors noted the deleterious effect of having inexperienced staff with a penal approach: “The over reliance on the use of restraint and single separation [segregation] as primary means of control, and the fact that trainees felt aggrieved and powerless confirmed them in a ‘victim’ role. This perception enabled them to justify their own aggressive and destructive behaviour”.

G4S was back in the headlines in 2004, after the horrific restraint death of 15 year-old Gareth Myatt in another secure training centre, Rainsbrook in Northamptonshire. A very small boy, Gareth was held down in a seated position by three officers who ignored his cries that he couldn’t breathe. No prosecutions or sackings followed Gareth’s death. During the inquest into Gareth’s death, it emerged G4S’s restraint instructor called herself ‘Clubber Clay’ and other officers had nicknames like Mauler, Breaker and Crusher. The director of the centre was unaware of the contents of the restraint manual, which contained the rules and methods trained to staff. G4S held onto the contract. Then in 2010, a former Rainsbrook team leader was convicted of causing actual bodily harm to a 13 year-old boy who spat at him: the officer was given a suspended prison sentence.

A highly critical inspection report, published in May 2015, led to G4S losing its contract to run Rainsbrook (the transfer is in process). Inspectors found serious incidents of gross misconduct by staff, including racism, illegal drug-taking and children being distressed and humiliated. One boy with a fracture possibly caused by restraint was not taken to hospital for 15 hours. Despite these serious failings, and the loss of the Rainsbrook contract, in September 2015 the Youth Justice Board announced that G4S had been successful in “a competition” to run Medway for another five years. The contract value is £89 million.

4) The director of Medway is required by law to notify the police and the Youth Justice Board of any child who has been seriously injured and abuse or harm is known or suspected. Local child protection procedures require immediate referrals to children’s services (the local authority) when a child is known or suspected to be suffering significant harm. Youth Justice Board monitors are required to scrutinise practice and report any concerns to Ministers.

5) Medway is on the same grounds as Cookham Wood young offender institution (for 15 to 17 year-olds) and Rochester prison for adults, both run by the UK prison service. In the early planning, it was called Cookham Wood secure training centre. Its physical location, and the governing legislation (Prison Act 1952), clearly signal this was always intended to be a prison.

MEDWAY SECURE TRAINING CENTRE MUST CLOSE

Tonight’s BBC Panorama exposé showed children being treated appallingly by male officers working at G4S-run Medway secure training centre. The programme showed footage of:

  • Officers deliberately escalating incidents so they could (in their minds) justify restraining/assaulting children
  • A child being restrained through pain and excessive force, and being unable to breathe
  • A child being held down on the ground, inflicted with painful restraint holds and taunted
  • Officers casually using restraint techniques which involve the infliction of severe pain and have been authorised only for extremely grave situations (long before this programme, numerous bodies, including the UN Committee Against Torture and Her Majesty’s Inspectorate of Prisons said such methods should be prohibited)
  • An officer throwing a hard punch to a wall/window and then jumping quickly in front of a child to frighten him
  • An officer recalling a restraint incident when a child complained he was suffocating. The officer laughed and mocked the child whilst sharing his story with colleagues, including “He was sitting there nearly in tears”
  • An officer boasting he had assaulted a child with a fork (thrusting it into the boy’s leg)
  • A child subserviently acquiescing to an officer who forced him to repeat, then shout out “Arsenal are shit”, even though this is the boy’s football team
  • Officers using foul and insulting language to describe children, for example “fat little pr**k” and “fat little sh*t”
  • Officers discussing how to hit a child, and how they had hit children, including “I was straight in slam”, “kicked in”, “I’m just going to hit him. Fact.” and “[I] properly tried to break his skull”
  • Officers recounting how G4S misrepresents incidents to government, in order to avoid fines.

There was footage of G4S officers (male and female) discussing how to fabricate restraint records, and then fabricating a report on camera.

The undercover reporter worked in G4S Medway for two months, between October and December 2015, on a variety of shifts.

Article 39’s Director says:

“The programme was unbearable to watch at times, because it involved witnessing very vulnerable children being subject to serious physical and mental abuse. The children were completely powerless, locked in cells with heavy doors after they had been mistreated, shaking and crying.

“The value of undercover reporting is that officers, including those at senior levels, have no idea they are being watched by individuals who do not share their value system or condone their cruelty. This may give a clue as to why Youth Justice Board monitors and independent advocates were seemingly unaware of the abuse and malpractice. It also reaffirms that regular inspections can never alone ensure children are well looked after. As for children raising concerns, where would they begin, and why should they trust adults in authority after this?

“BBC Panorama has proven to the nation that children have been seriously mistreated in G4S Medway. It is now up to Ministers to close the institution, and to establish an independent inquiry into the care and protection of children in prison.”

VIEW THE PROGRAMME HERE.

Winterbourne View: lessons for children’s institutions

With the news that BBC Panorama plans to broadcast its programme on Medway secure training centre* this coming Monday (11th January), it’s worth reflecting on an earlier investigation into abusive restraint and other cruelty. Depending on the content of the programme, of course, might we expect the same level of concern and action for children?

Winterbourne View was a private hospital, near Bristol, for 24 adults with learning disabilities. Its owner, Castlebeck Ltd, charged £3,500 a week for each patient, irrespective of their individual needs.

Covert filming
An undercover reporter filmed covertly at the hospital, after the complaints of a senior nurse had been ignored. The BBC reports:

“During five weeks spent filming undercover, Panorama’s reporter captured footage of some of the hospital’s most vulnerable patients being repeatedly pinned down, slapped, dragged into showers while fully clothed, taunted and teased.”

“Undercover care: the abuse exposed” was aired on 31 May 2011.

Vulnerable individuals
A serious case review commissioned by South Glocestershire Safeguarding Adults Board interviewed five former patients of Winterbourne View, finding they had previously lived in residential special schools, children’s hospitals and foster care.

Simone was one of the young adults who featured prominently in the Panorama programme. Simone lived at home until she was 17, after which she began having very distressing headaches which affected her behaviour. In the second hospital she was placed, Simone’s parents were not allowed to stay: Mencap reports Simone “was so frightened that she broke a bed, and when moved to a side ward, she tore the basin off the wall”. She was moved two more times, before arriving at Winterbourne View.

Aged 18 at the time, Simone was shown on the Panorama film being viciously abused by a member of staff, Wayne Rogers. Rogers was seen pinning Simone under a chair, slapping her and twisting her wrist and pinning it to the ground. He taunted and humiliated her.

Prison links 
Rogers was found to be the ringleader of the abuse at Winterbourne, and boasted to colleagues about previously winding up children, before restraining them, during his time working in a young offender institution. He was given a two-year custodial sentence after admitting nine counts of ill-treatment.

Eleven members of staff were sentenced for cruelty to adults living at Winterbourne View, six receiving jail terms. Two of the 11 had formerly worked for the prison service – Wayne Rogers and Jason Gardiner, who had been a prison officer for 11 years.

Hospital closure
Winterbourne View closed on 24 June 2011, less than a month after the Panorama programme was screened.

Reactions to Panorama exposé
There was widespread public shock and condemnation of the abuse exposed by Panorama, and a great deal of action was taken by local and national agencies to strengthen the rights and protection of people with learning disabilities in residential care.

Legislation was introduced in 2014 which extended local authorities’ duties to arrange independent advocates for individuals suffering, or at risk of, abuse or neglect. Government restraint guidance issued to adult health and care settings that same year established that restraint should be used only to prevent harm to human beings (and there must be a real possibility of such harm); and no planned or intentional restraint must involve a person’s face being held/pressed to the floor or any other surface.  At the end of 2015, the government promised more action on a Charter of Rights, to make sure people know about their rights and how to access support.

Some notable reactions at the time from government, politicians and concerned individuals and organisations are summarised below.

Government & opposition
The day after the Winterbourne View programme aired, the government minister then responsible for care services, Paul Burstow MP, said:

“The abuse of people with learning disabilities at Winterbourne View uncovered by Panorama is shocking. There can be no place for such inhumanity in care services.

“There have been failures of inspection and adult protection which have exposed people to appalling abuse.

“I am determined to strengthen the system of safeguarding to protect vulnerable adults from abuse.”

Days later, the then shadow health minister, Emily Thornberry MP, asked an urgent question in Parliament and pressed for an independent inquiry.

Local MP
Jack Lopresti, the local Conservative MP, called for the hospital’s closure and an independent inquiry:

“I will be meeting with the chief executive of Castlebeck shortly to suggest that the company permanently closes Winterbourne View at the earliest opportunity.

“I am also calling for an independent inquiry into why such serious failures occurred and what lessons can be learnt to ensure the abuse at Winterbourne View Hospital never happens again.

“I believe that a truly independent inquiry is needed to restore the public faith in the care system.”

Concerned individuals & organisations
The chief executive of the British Institute of Learning Disabilities wrote in the Guardian newspaper the day after the programme was broadcast. The charity urged a government review of legislation and inspection, and “a thorough police inquiry into the actions of the individuals and the organisation involved”. The chief executive of Mencap was asked to assist the Department of Health in reviewing the evidence of abuse collated by the Care Quality Commission (responsible for regulation and inspection of private hospitals) and local councils.

A letter was sent to the Prime Minister three weeks after Panorama aired, from 86 concerned individuals and organisations. It gave detailed advice on the actions required by local and national agencies to protect the rights of people with learning disabilities.

Conclusions of serious case review
The serious case review for South Glocestershire Safeguarding Adults Board was given a wide remit, though it was restricted to the time period 2008-2011. Its 150+ page report sums up the great risk of single agencies never seeing the full scale of institutional abuse:

“The review has demonstrated that the apparatus of oversight was unequal to the task of uncovering the fact and extent of institutional abuse at Winterbourne View Hospital. Taken section by section, this Serious Case Review builds a bleak collage of the phenomenon of institutional abuse. That the whole is greater than the individual sections is no cliché.”

It is difficult to gain a full picture, over time, of individuals’ care and treatment in institutions “when information about concerns, alerts, complaints, allegations and notifications are either unknown or scattered across agencies”, the review concluded.

TEENAGE PRISON ABUSE EXPOSED will be broadcast on BBC One on Monday 11 January, 20.30.

*Medway secure training centre is a prison for children aged 12 to 17. It is run by G4S under a government contract.

Systemic abuse allegations at G4S-run child prison

Seven members of staff have been suspended following extremely serious allegations of child abuse at Medway secure training centre in Kent. The allegations include officers:

  • Punching children
  • Repeatedly slapping children on the head
  • Using inappropriate restraint techniques, which, in one incident, involved squeezing a child’s windpipe so hard he couldn’t breathe
  • Boasting of mistreating children: including assaulting a child with a fork and making a child sob
  • Deliberately hiding their mistreatment by avoiding CCTV.

The abuse was apparently filmed by a BBC Panorama reporter, working undercover, and details will be broadcast soon.

Article 39’s Director, Carolyne Willow, states:

“If these allegations are proven to be true, there can be no denying that child abuse has been endemic in this G4S-run prison.”

“These are not isolated allegations; there have been serious concerns about secure training centres from the start. An independent child abuse inquiry must be established to investigate the full extent of mistreatment within the centres, and the mechanisms available to children to report their concerns and seek outside help.”

These latest revelations follow reports last year that G4S had sacked at least seven members of staff following misconduct at Rainsbrook secure training centre in Northamptonshire.

At least six officers were reported to have been sacked following an inspection in February 2015, and a further “two serious instances” of middle managers using “bad language and threatening words” towards children were reported in the follow-up inspection report. One member of staff was sacked as a result, and the other resigned.

Fifteen year-old Gareth Myatt died in Rainsbrook secure training centre in April 2004, after being forcibly held down in a sitting position, with his head pushed towards his knees, by three officers who ignored his cries that he couldn’t breathe. It was later discovered that the G4S restraint trainer called herself ‘Clubber Clay’ and other officers had nick-names such as Breaker, Mauler and Crusher.